Assisted Reproduction TechniquesDiagnostic tests

Seminogram or spermiogram

What is a seminogram?

The seminogram, also called spermiogram, is the diagnostic test that is most widely used by assisted reproduction centers to evaluate male fertility, and it basically consists in analyzing a sperm sample both qualitatively and quantitatively at the Macroscopic and Microscopic level.

It is also used as a screening test after the practice of a vasectomy to ensure its effectiveness.

What aspects are evaluated?

• At a macroscopic level it analyses: the appearance, liquefaction, viscosity, Ph, volume and color.

• At a Microscopic level it analyses: the concentration and total number of sperms, the sperm motility and vitality, the sperm morphology, the presence or absence of agglutinations and other non-sperm cells.


How is the sperm sample obtained for its analysis?

In order to guarantee the maximum reliability of the spermogram diagnosis, the sperm sample shall be obtained following these indications:

  • The sample should be collected after 2-4 days of sexual abstinence. A much longer abstinence is not recommended. (The abstinence period must be neither shorter than 2 days, nor longer than 4 days).
  • Collect the sperm sample in a sterile container, we will give you one at Ginefiv, nevertheless you can buy these containers in a pharmacy.
  • Masturbation is the standard method for the sperm sample collection,  as neither the interruptus coitus, nor the use of commercial condoms is accepted.
  • The collection of the sperm sample must be performed under hygienic conditions (you will need to wash your hands previously).
  • Be sure that the whole sample is inside the sterile container, because in case most of it falls out of the container, the sample will not be valid. Don’t worry if just a little part of the sample falls out.
  • In the event, you obtain the sample at home:
    • Once you have obtained the sample, make sure you have closed the container properly and that the sample doesn’t get too cold (the sample has to be kept at a temperature between 20ºC and 30ºC, avoiding abrupt temperature changes. That’s why we recommend carrying the sample in an interior pocket).
    • The maximum period of time between the sperm sample collection and its delivery at the laboratory should be of one hour.
  • If you have a temperature (fever) between 7 to 10 days before the sperm sample collection or if you are taking antibiotics, you should contact the laboratory to postpone your appointment.


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