The Spanish Society has become one of the most opened and respectful with the sexual condition of each person, something that is specifically included in our legislation on assisted reproduction.
“Any woman over 18 years and with full capacity to act may be recipient or user of any of the regulated techniques in this law, as long as she has given her written consent to its use in a free, conscious and express way. Women may be users or recipients of the techniques regulated in this Law, regardless of their marital status and sexual orientation. "
In Ginefiv we have witnessed and participated in this social reality, specifically in the Community of Madrid, treating lesbian couples of women since 1988. Since then we have seen how the number of women who came to our clinic trusting us to carry out their family project grew year after year.
What are the treatments that a lesbian couple can undergo?
The options that assisted reproduction offer to lesbian mothers to achieve pregnancy are basically the same ones as to any other woman, with the difference that we will always have to use sperm samples from the bank. Additionally, lesbian women who are married can opt for the ROPA method.
What is ROPA method?
An increasingly demanded alternative by lesbian couples is the method known as ROPA (Receiving Eggs from the Couple), also called Shared Maternity. It consists in a treatment of IVF shared between both women. One of them undergoes the ovarian stimulation and contributes with her eggs and the other one receives in her uterus the embryos that result from the fertilization of these eggs with sperm of a donor.
This way, both women are actively involved in the process as biological mothers: the first as a genetic mother and the second one as a pregnant mother.
In Spain the donation is anonymous by law. Therefore, the Law of Assisted Reproduction 14/2006 was modified to recognize that both mothers are progenitors of the child born thanks to assisted reproduction techniques, whether they have taken the treatment for medical reasons or by choice. This makes this donation of non-anonymous eggs cells a legal exception in the case of married lesbian couples.
What if we can’t use our egg cells?
Additionally, in cases where there is some circumstance that recommends not using their own eggs, there is also the possibility of turning to donated eggs or donated embryos.