Assisted Reproduction TechniquesMain Treatments and Techniques

Artificial Insemination

What is an Artificial Insemination?

The Artificial Insemination is a simple technique. It is the process by which the sperm -previously prepared in the laboratory- is placed into the uterus coinciding with ovulation. If the sperm used for the insemination belongs to the woman's partner, this technique is called Homologous Artificial Insemination. However, if the sperm is from a donor it is called Artificial Insemination by Donor.


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Is it possible to have the first appointment via videoconference and to come to Spain only once?

Yes, it is possible to have the first appointment via videoconference.

If possible, we generally recommend all patients to come to our clinic before starting the treatment so that our medical team can meet them and perform an intrauterine insemination mock test. The skype appointment is highly recommended when donor sperm is needed. 

When is the Artificial Insemination recommended?

Artificial Insemination is recommended when there are sperm alterations, difficulties during sexual intercourse (e.g. vaginismus), abnormal cervical mucus, mild endometriosis, immunological factor with low number of antibodies, ovulation alterations or unexplained sterility.

What does this technique involve?

The technique consists of three phases:

  • Ovarian stimulation: It is done to improve the woman's conditions, and it involves inducing a multiple ovulation through a hormonal treatment controlled with ultrasound scans.
  • Sperm selection: It is done in order to improve the conditions of the sperm by choosing the best spermatozoids.
  • Insemination: It is carried out by placing the selected spermatozoids inside the uterus. The spermatozoids are placed near where the fertilization usually takes place with the aim of achieving the pregnancy.

Is it possible to use sperm from a donor?

Yes, in case it is necessary, our patients can request the use of the Sperm Bank available at Ginefiv for the Artificial Insemination.

What do you need to know about our Sperm Bank?

Sperm donation is absolutely legal in Spain, regardless the patient's nationality or origin.

Sperm donation is anonymous. Under no circumstances will Ginefiv be able to reveal the donor's identity to the recipient couple and vice versa.

At Ginefiv, all donors have to pass exhaustive medical exams and their sperm samples are quarantined in order to confirm that there is no transmissible disease.

Thanks to the high number of sperm donors at Ginefiv, our clinic is able to easily find a sperm donor with physical features compatible with the recipients.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Artificial Insemination?

The main advantages of the Artificial Insemination are that it is an outpatient technique; it is minimally invasive and absolutely painless.

Some of the risks of the Artificial Insemination are the following: multiple pregnancies (20% are twin pregnancies), ectopic pregnancy, which means that the embryo implants outside the uterus (2% of pregnancies) and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

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